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Серверное оборудование

Усилия после установки Scientific Linux x86_64

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Чтобы почувствовать себя настоящим пира... э-э... линуксоидом, следует хотя бы один раз в жизни запустить что-либо с консоли (или терминала, как Вам будет угодно). Поэтому клёпаем по значку , расположенному на верхней панели среды GNOME или в меню "Приложение" —> "Стандартные", и набираем слово "pirut". Вы не поверите, но читается оно как "пират"! В открывшемся окошке вводим пароль администратора (root'а), и нам открывается "Менеджер пакетов"...


Щёлкаем "Поиск" и вводим туда "yumex". Как только yumex будет найден, ставим галочку против него и давим . В результате получаем:


Так устанавливается yumex, с которым мы и будем далее работать. Для этого в меню "Приложения" выбираем "Система", там находим свежеустановленные "Дополнения к Yum" и запускаем их. И опять вводим пароль администратора, тем самым как бы спрашивая разрешение у самого себя...

Успешно запустив yumex, не расслабляемся в победе и не подавляем агрессии, столь присущей всем линуксоидом в навязывании всем и вся своей свободы, а лихо давим на Земной шар и ставим галочки для подключения всех репозитариев. Затем жмём на выпуклость
...и получаем в своё распоряжение вот такое хозяйство:


Для того, чтобы хозяйство успешно вести, надо надавить на сундучок и выбрать , а затем в строку поиска ввести то, что хотите найти во всех репозитариях мира - например, нелинейный справщик цифрового угляда kino, и нажать на то, без чего поиск не начнётся сам по себе - на . Найдя программу и выбрав её к установке нажатием галки , запускаем . После этого рукоблудия можно, наконец, считать замечательное свободное программное обеспечение kino успешно установленным:


А теперь, освоив yumex:
Что и как обязательно устанавливать/удалять через репозитарий после установки Scientific Linux x86_64.
------------------------------------------------------------
1. Справщики, превращатели и их модули
1.1. ...углядов
1.1.1. kino (+++) [Легко воспринимает и конвертирует видеофайлы формата AVC/H.264 с Panasonic HDC-HS100EE - другие программы обработки видео это делать напрочь отказываются]
The new generation of digital camcorders use the Digital Video (DV) data
format. Kino allows you to record, create, edit, and play movies recorded
with DV camcorders. Unlike other editors, this program uses many keyboard
commands for fast navigating and editing inside the movie.

1.1.2. avidemux (+) [Репозитарий DAG]
Avidemux is a graphical tool to edit AVI. It allows you to multiplex and
demultiplex audio to/from video.
It is able to cut video, import BMP, MJPEG and MPEG video, and encode them.
You can also process video with included filters. It requires a DivX
compatible encoder and the Gimp Toolkit (GTK) libraries.

1.1.3. cinelerra (?) [Репозитарий DAG. Русского языка нет]
Heroine Virtual Ltd. presents an advanced content creation system for Linux.
RPM Group : Applications/Multimedia

1.1.4. oggmtools. (?) [Репозитарий DAG]
These tools allow information about (ogminfo) or extraction from (ogmdemux) or
creation of (ogmmerge) OGG media streams. Note that OGM is used for "OGG media
streams".

1.2. ...звуков
1.2.1. audacity (+) [Репозитарий DAG. Понятная и удобная программа по обработке звуков]
Audacity is a free audio editor. You can record sounds, play sounds, import
and export WAV, AIFF, and MP3 files, and more. Use it to edit your sounds
using Cut, Copy and Paste (with unlimited Undo), mix tracks together, or
apply effects to your recordings. It also has a built-in amplitude envelope
editor, a customizable spectrogram mode and a frequency analysis window for
audio analysis applications. Built-in effects include Bass Boost, Wahwah,
and Noise Removal, and it also supports VST plug-in effects.

1.3. ...образов
1.3.1. Экранных
1.3.1.1. xvidcap (+++) [Толковое описание XVidCap находится здесь. Очень удобная и понятная]
xvidcap is a screen capture tool for creating videos off
an X-Window desktop for illustration or documentation purposes.
It is intended to be a standard-based alternative for
commercial tools, such as Lotus ScreenCam or Camtasia Studio.

1.3.2. Векторных
1.3.2.1. inkscape (+++) [По умолчанию устанавливается из репозитария DAG и нормально работает. Но ни в коем случае нельзя обновлять Inkscape из репозитария EPEL - программа вообще перестаёт загружаться!]
Inkscape is a SVG based generic vector-drawing program.

1.3.3. Всяких разных
1.3.3.1. mtpaint (+) [Репозитарий DAG. Художник Олег Бурьян [info]toy_marker был в восторге от этой программы, так как с её помощью сделал то, что лежало грузом неисполнимости более 20 лет! Одна незадача - нет русского языка]
mtPaint is a simple GTK+1/2 painting program designed for creating icons
and pixel-based artwork. It can edit indexed palette or 24 bit RGB images
and offers basic painting and palette manipulation tools. Its main file
format is PNG, although it can also handle JPEG, GIF, TIFF, BMP, XPM, and
XBM files.
1.3.3.2. Модули для Gimp'а (сам Gimp устанавливается по умолчанию)
1.3.3.2.1. intltool (+++) [Пакет содержит средство интернационализации. Он полезен для извлечения переводимых строк из исходных файлов, сбором извлеченных строк с сообщениями из традиционных исходных файлов и объединению переводов в .xml, .desktop и .oaf файлах. (Текст взят отсюда)]
This tool automatically extracts translatable strings from oaf, glade,
bonobo ui, nautilus theme, .desktop, and other data files and puts
them in the po files.

1.3.3.2.2. xsane-gimp (---) [Необходимо удалить, так как иногда из-за этого модуля сканирования (вероятно, при отсутствующем сканере) Gimp не загружается]
This package provides the regular XSane frontend for the SANE scanner
interface, but it works as a GIMP plug-in. You must have GIMP
installed to use this package.

1.3.4. Превращатели
1.3.4.1. uniconvertor (+++) [Репозитарий Home_Mrdocs]
UniConvertor is a universal vector graphics translator. It uses sK1 engine to convert one format to another.
sK1 Team, copyright (C) 2007 by Igor E. Novikov, Valek Filippov
Import filters:
* CorelDRAW ver.7-X3 (CDR/CDT/CCX/CDRX/CMX)
* Adobe Illustrator up to 9 ver. (AI postscript based)
* Postscript (PS)
* Encapsulated Postscript (EPS)
* Computer Graphics Metafile (CGM)
* Windows Metafile (WMF)
* XFIG
* Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG)
* Skencil/Sketch/sK1 (SK and SK1)
* Acorn Draw (AFF)
Export filters:
* AI (Postscript based Adobe Illustrator 5.0 format)
* SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics)
* SK (Sketch/Skencil format)
* SK1 (sK1 format)
* CGM (Computer Graphics Metafile)
* WMF (Windows Metafile)

1.4. ...текстовушек
1.4.1. abiword (+) [Репозитарий EPEL]
AbiWord is a cross-platform Open Source word processor. It is full-featured,
while still remaining lean.

------------------------------------------------------------
2. Печать
2.1. gQueue (+) [Репозитарий DAG]
gQueue is a GNOME2 frontend for lpq and lprm working with Cups queues.
You can see all jobs in all printer queues or in the default printer queue,
and delete jobs. It has a GNOME panel applet.

------------------------------------------------------------
3. Делёж, система, загрузка, репозитАрии, контроль и проч.
3.1. Делёж
3.1.1. partimage (+) [Репозитарий DAG]
Partition Image is a Linux/UNIX partition imaging utility: it saves all used
blocks in a partition to an image file. This image file can be compressed
using gzip or bzip2 compression to save space, and even split into multiple
files to be copied to movable media such as Zip disks or CD-R.
Partition Images supports the following filesystems:
ext2fs, ext3fs, fat16, fat32, hfs, hpfs, jfs, ntfs, reiserfs, ufs, xfs
Partition Image allows you to back up a full Linux/Windows system with a single
operation. When problems such as viruses, crashes, or other errors occur, you
just have to restore, and after several minutes your system can be restored
(boot record and all your files) and fully working.

3.1.2. gparted (+) [Репозитарий DAG]
GParted stands for Gnome Partition Editor and is a graphical frontend to
libparted. Among other features it supports creating, resizing, moving
and copying of partitions. Also several (optional) filesystem tools provide
support for filesystems not included in libparted. These optional packages
will be detected at runtime and don't require a rebuild of GParted

3.2. NTFS
3.2.1. fuse-ntfs-3g (+++) [Этот модуль крайне необходим, чтобы автоматически, при запуске через fstab присоединять диски с файловой системой NTFS. При этом обязательно должен быть удалён модуль ntfs-3g! Например, вот как выглядит мой fsab в директории /etc:
/dev/VolGroup01/LogVol00 / ext3 defaults 1 1
LABEL=/boot /boot ext3 defaults 1 2
tmpfs /dev/shm tmpfs defaults 0 0
devpts /dev/pts devpts gid=5,mode=620 0 0
sysfs /sys sysfs defaults 0 0
proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
/dev/VolGroup01/LogVol01 swap swap defaults 0 0
/dev/sdb1 /mnt/sucks/C ntfs-3g force,locale=ru_RU.UTF-8 0 0
/dev/hda1 /mnt/sucks/D ntfs-3g force,locale=ru_RU.UTF-8 0 0
/dev/hdb1 /mnt/sucks/E ntfs-3g force,locale=ru_RU.UTF-8 0 0
/dev/sda2 /mnt/sucks/F ntfs-3g force,locale=ru_RU.UTF-8 0 0
]
The ntfs-3g driver is an open source, GPL licensed, third generation Linux NTFS
driver. It provides full read-write access to NTFS, excluding access to
encrypted files, writing compressed files, changing file ownership, access
right.
Technically it’s based on and a major improvement to the third generation Linux
NTFS driver, ntfsmount. The improvements include functionality, quality and
performance enhancements.
ntfs-3g features are being merged to ntfsmount. In the meanwhile, ntfs-3g is
currently the only free, as in either speech or beer, NTFS driver for Linux
that supports unlimited file creation and deletion.

3.2.2. ntfs-3g (---) [Для автоматического присоединения дисков с разделами NTFS с помощью fuse-ntfs-3g этот модуль должен быть обязательно удалён!]
The ntfs-3g driver is an open source, GPL licensed, third generation
Linux NTFS driver. It provides full read-write access to NTFS, excluding
access to encrypted files, writing compressed files, changing file
ownership, access right.
Technically it’s based on and a major improvement to the third
generation Linux NTFS driver, ntfsmount. The improvements include
functionality, quality and performance enhancements.
ntfs-3g features are being merged to ntfsmount. In the meanwhile,
ntfs-3g is currently the only free, as in either speech or beer, NTFS
driver for Linux that supports unlimited file creation and deletion.

3.3. Загрузчик и загрузка
3.3.1. GRUB
[Ставится по умолчанию и специальной установки его не требуется, но здесь укажем загрузку sucks'ов с так называемой подменой дисков. Суть подмены в том, что лишь слегка изменив файл /boot/grub/grub.conf, мы подключаем и загружаем диск с WinXP, установленной абсолютно независимо от Linux. Обычно это не удаётся, так как WinXP надменно считает себя пупом Земли и требует первенства во всём. Ну и пусть теперь подавится...]:
# grub.conf generated by anaconda
#
# Note that you do not have to rerun grub after making changes to this file
# NOTICE: You have a /boot partition. This means that
# all kernel and initrd paths are relative to /boot/, eg.
# root (hd0,0)
# kernel /vmlinuz-version ro root=/dev/VolGroup00/LogVol00
# initrd /initrd-version.img
#boot=/dev/sda
default=0
timeout=5
splashimage=(hd0,0)/grub/splash.xpm.gz
hiddenmenu
title Scientific Linux (2.6.18-164.6.1.el5xen)
root (hd0,0)
kernel /xen.gz-2.6.18-164.6.1.el5 crashkernel=128M@32M
module /vmlinuz-2.6.18-164.6.1.el5xen ro root=/dev/VolGroup00/LogVol00 rhgb quiet
module /initrd-2.6.18-164.6.1.el5xen.img
title Scientific Linux-base (2.6.18-164.6.1.el5)
root (hd0,0)
kernel /vmlinuz-2.6.18-164.6.1.el5 ro root=/dev/VolGroup00/LogVol00 rhgb quiet
initrd /initrd-2.6.18-164.6.1.el5.img
title Sucks
rootnoverify (hd3,0)
map (hd0) (hd3)
map (hd3) (hd0)
chainloader +1

3.3.2. system-config-boot (+++) [Весьма ловкий конфигуратор загрузки]
system-config-boot is a graphical user interface that allows
the user to change the default boot entry of the system.

3.4. Контроль
3.4.1. atop (+) [Терминальная утилита “atop” раз в 10 секунд делает слепок системы и показывает только те процессы, которые работали за эти 10 секунд. Не работает на VPS, но может показать загрузку диска и сети. Достойная замена утилите top]
The program atop is an interactive monitor to view the load on
a Linux-system. It shows the occupation of the most critical
hardware-resources (from a performance point of view) on system-level,
i.e. cpu, memory, disk and network. It also shows which processes are
responsible for the indicated load (again cpu-, memory-, disk- and
network-load on process-level).
The program atop can also be used to log system- and process-level
information in raw format for long-term analysis.

3.5. Репозитарии
3.5.1. atrpms-repo (---)
This package contains configuration files for yum, smart and apt.

3.5.2. ELRepo (+++) [Обязательно установить для поддержки установленного оборудования! Устанавливается через терминал в режиме root, для чего набираем su -l и жмём "Enter", затем вводим пароль для root]
ELRepo currently focuses on hardware related packages to boost your experience with Enterprise Linux, this includes filesystem drivers, network drivers, webcams and video drivers.
Star Get started
To install ELRepo for RHEL5/CentOS-5/SL5:
rpm -Uvh http://elrepo.org/elrepo-release-0.1-1.el5.elrepo.noarch.rpm (external link)
Import the public key:
rpm --import http://elrepo.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-elrepo.org (external link)
Star Repository contents
ELRepo contains 3 channels. You can browse the contents by clicking on the name.
elrepo
elrepo is the default channel and contains a variety of kmod kernel driver packages to enhance hardware support for Enterprise Linux. This channel is disabled by default and may be enabled in /etc/yum.repos.d/elrepo.repo or used with 'yum --enablerepo=elrepo'.
For example, to install kmod-r8168 Realtek r8168 nic driver from the elrepo channel:
yum --enablerepo=elrepo install kmod-r8168
elrepo-testing
The elrepo-testing channel provides testing packages yet to be released to the main elrepo channel and is disabled by default. The channel may be enabled in /etc/yum.repos.d/elrepo.repo or used with 'yum --enablerepo=elrepo-testing'.
elrepo-fasttrack
The elrepo-fasttrack channel provides rebuilds of the upstream FasTrack channel for CentOS-5. This channel provides bug fixes that update core packages and is disabled by default. The channel may be enabled in /etc/yum.repos.d/elrepo.repo or used with 'yum --enablerepo=elrepo-fasttrack'.
For example:
yum update --disablerepo=\* --enablerepo=elrepo-fasttrack

3.5.3. yum-conf-epel (---) [Этот репозитарий необходимо удалить либо не устанавливать вовсе!]
This package contains the Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux (EPEL) repository
GPG key as well as configuration for yum.

3.5.4 epel-release (+++) [Подключает репозитарий, в котором находится, в частности, WINE. Сам epel-release находится в репозитарии EPEL, устанавливаемом с помощью предыдущего модуля yum-conf-epel, с которым, собственно, при установке и конфликтует, поэтому одновременно с усановкой epel-release его надо удалить]
This package contains the Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux (EPEL) repository
GPG key as well as configuration for yum.

3.6. DKMS
3.6.1 dkms (+)
DKMS stands for Dynamic Kernel Module Support. It is designed to create
a framework where kernel dependant module source can reside so that it
is very easy to rebuild modules as you upgrade kernels. This will allow
Linux vendors to provide driver drops without having to wait for new
kernel releases while also taking out the guesswork for customers
attempting to recompile modules for new kernels.

3.6.2. dkms-fuse (-)
With FUSE it is possible to implement a fully functional filesystem in a
userspace program. This package contains the FUSE userspace tools to
mount a FUSE filesystem.

3.6.3. dkms-kqemy (-)
QEMU accelerator kernel module, a host driver to achieve near native
performances when using QEMU as a virtualizer.

3.6.4. dkms-ntfs (-)
Driver (Linux kernel module) for reading and writing on NTFS formatted volumes.

3.6.5. dkms-r818x (-)
Driver for RTL8180, SA2400/GRF5101/MAX2820, RTL8185/RTL8187 and RTL8225
Wireless cards.

3.6.6.dkms-rtl818x (-)
Driver for RTL8180, SA2400/GRF5101/MAX2820, RTL8185/RTL8187 and RTL8225
Wireless cards.

3.7. HDD
3.7.1. hddtemp (+)
hddtemp is a tool that gives you the temperature of your hard drive by
reading S.M.A.R.T. information.

3.7.2.1. openscada (+)
Открытая SCADA система. Для доступа используйте запись "root" и пароль
"openscada".

3.7.2.2. openscada-DAQ-System (+) [Репозитарий EPEL]
The openscada-DAQ-System, allow operation system data acquisition.
Support OS Linux data sources: HDDTemp, Sensors, Uptime, Memory,
CPU and other.

3.8. CRU
3.8.1. Температура
3.8.1.1. gnome-applet-sensors (+++) [Репозитарий DAG. Добавляется на панель через одноимённую опцию после выбора "Hardware Sensors Monitor". Работает не для всех материнских плат.]
GNOME Sensors Applet is an applet for the GNOME Panel to display readings
from hardware sensors, including CPU and system temperatures, fan speeds
and voltage readings under Linux.

3.9. Hard
3.9.1. hardinfo (+++) [По типу напоминает обозреватель оборудования "Эверест"]
HardInfo is a small application that displays information about your
hardware and operating system. Currently it knows about PCI, ISA PnP,
USB, IDE, SCSI, Serial and parallel port devices.

3.10. Lib
3.10.1. libtool (+)
GNU Libtool is a set of shell scripts which automatically configure UNIX and
UNIX-like systems to generically build shared libraries. Libtool provides a
consistent, portable interface which simplifies the process of using shared
libraries.
If you are developing programs which will use shared libraries, but do not use
the rest of the GNU Autotools (such as GNU Autoconf and GNU Automake), you
should install the libtool package.
The libtool package also includes all files needed to integrate the GNU Portable
Library Tool (libtool) and the GNU Libtool Dynamic Module Loader (ltdl) into a
package built using the GNU Autotools (including GNU Autoconf and GNU Automake).
This package includes a modification from the original GNU Libtool to allow
support for multi-architecture systems, such as the AMD64 Opteron and the Intel
64-bit Xeon.

3.11. Тесты
3.11.1. memtest86+ (+)
Memtest86+ is a thorough stand-alone memory test for x86 and x86-64
architecture computers. BIOS based memory tests are only a quick
check and often miss many of the failures that are detected by
Memtest86+.

3.11.2. memtester (?)
memtester is a userspace utility for testing the memory subsystem for faults.

3.11.3. openoffice.org-testtools (?)
QA tools for openoffice.org, enables automated testing.

3.11.4. typespeed (?)
Typespeed gives your fingers' cps (total and correct), typoratio and
some points to compare with your friends.

3.12. Чистка
3.12.1. bleachbit (+)
BleachBit deletes unnecessary files to free valuable disk space, maintain
privacy, and remove junk. Rid your system of old clutter including cache,
cookies, Internet history, localizations, logs, temporary files, and broken
shortcuts. Designed for Linux and Windows systems, it wipes clean Adobe Reader,
APT, Bash, Beagle, Chromium, Epiphany, Firefox, Flash, GIMP, Google Chrome,
Google Earth, Internet Explorer, Java, KDE, OpenOffice.org, Opera, RealPlayer,
Safari, Skype, VIM, XChat, Yum, and more.

------------------------------------------------------------
4. Защита и нападение
4.1. Обнаружение
4.1.1. aide (+) [Система обнаружения атак, основанная на узле (Host-Based Intrusion Detection System, HIDS), свободная альтернатива Tripwire. HIDS используется для обнаружения изменений в важных системных файлах настроек и двоичных файлах с помощью сверки уникальных криптографических контрольных сумм, созданных каждого из файлов и сохраненных в надежном месте]
AIDE (Advanced Intrusion Detection Environment) is a file integrity
checker and intrusion detection program.

4.2. Антизвери
4.2.1. clamav (+) [Репозитарий DAG]
Clam AntiVirus is a GPL anti-virus toolkit for UNIX. The main purpose of
this software is the integration with mail servers (attachment scanning).
The package provides a flexible and scalable multi-threaded daemon, a
command line scanner, and a tool for automatic updating via Internet.
The programs are based on a shared library distributed with the Clam
AntiVirus package, which you can use with your own software. Most
importantly, the virus database is kept up to date

4.2.2. clamtk (+) [Репозитарий DAG]
ClamTk is a front-end, point and click gui for ClamAV on Linux systems.
It supports easy signature-updates.

4.2.3. clamd (+) [Репозитарий DAG]
The Clam AntiVirus Daemon

4.2.4. perl-File-Scan-ClamAV (+) [Репозитарий DAG]
Connect to a local Clam Anti-Virus clamd service and send commands.

------------------------------------------------------------
5. Записьдисков
5.1. Brasero (+) [Репозитарий EPEL]
Приложение для записи CD/DVD дисков для среды GNOME

5.2.1. k3b (+++)
K3b provides a comfortable user interface to perform most CD/DVD
burning tasks. While the experienced user can take influence in all
steps of the burning process the beginner may find comfort in the
automatic settings and the reasonable k3b defaults which allow a quick
start.

5.2.2. k3b-extras (+)
Additional decoder/encoder plugins for k3b, a feature-rich and easy to
handle CD/DVD burning application.

------------------------------------------------------------
6. Беспроводные системы
6.1. Драйверы и модули
6.1.1. madwifi (-) [Для карты D-Link Wireless 108G DWA-520]

6.1.2. ndiswrapper (?)
The ndiswrapper project makes it possible to use WLAN-Hardware
with Linux by means of a loadable kernel module that "wraps
around" NDIS (Windows network driver API) drivers. These rpms contain
just the kernel module and loader. You will also need the Windows driver
for your card.
WARNING: RHEL-Kernels use 4K size stack. Many Windows drivers
will need at least 8K size stacks. For details read the wiki on:
http:/ndiswrapper.sourceforge.net

6.1.3. ndisgtk (?) [Появляется в разделе "Система" иконка Windows Wireless Driver]
Ndisgtk is a graphical front-end for ndiswrapper, which gives users an easy
way to install the Windows wireless drivers.

6.1.4. dkms-rtl818x (?)
Driver for RTL8180, SA2400/GRF5101/MAX2820, RTL8185/RTL8187 and RTL8225
Wireless cards.

6.2. Утилиты настройки беспроводных систем
6.2.1. vconfig (?)
Утилита vconfig позволяет настроить параметры 802.1q VLAN.

6.2.2. wpa_supplicant (?)
wpa_supplicant is a WPA Supplicant for Linux, BSD and Windows with support
for WPA and WPA2 (IEEE 802.11i / RSN). Supplicant is the IEEE 802.1X/WPA
component that is used in the client stations. It implements key negotiation
with a WPA Authenticator and it controls the roaming and IEEE 802.11
authentication/association of the wlan driver.

6.2.3.1. NetworkManager (?)
NetworkManager attempts to keep an active network connection available at all
times. It is intended only for the desktop use-case, and is not intended for
usage on servers. The point of NetworkManager is to make networking
configuration and setup as painless and automatic as possible. If using DHCP,
NetworkManager is intended to replace default routes, obtain IP addresses
from a DHCP server, and change nameservers whenever it sees fit.

6.2.3.2. NetworkManager-gnome (?)
This package contains GNOME utilities and applications for use with
NetworkManager, including a panel applet for wireless networks.

6.3. Утилиты беспроводных систем
6.3.1. bluez-utils (---) [Удалить обязательно, так как его присутствие стопорит запуск системы в отсутствие собственно устройства Bluetooth]
Bluetooth utilities (bluez-utils):
- hcitool
- hciattach
- hciconfig
- hcid
- l2ping
- start scripts (Red Hat)
- pcmcia configuration files
The BLUETOOTH trademarks are owned by Bluetooth SIG, Inc., U.S.A.

------------------------------------------------------------
7. Связь и телефоны
7.1. Мобильные
7.1.1. gammu (---) [Не устанавливать, так как устанавливает по зависимости bluez-utils, иногда сильно тормозящую загрузку при ненахожении Bluetooth. На 32-битовых процессорах эта проблема с загрузкой не наблюдалась.]
Gammu can do such things with cellular phones as making data calls,
updating the address book, changing calendar and ToDo entries, sending and
receiving SMS messages, loading and getting ring tones and pictures (different
types of logos), synchronizing time, enabling NetMonitor, managing WAP
settings and bookmarks and much more. Functions depend on the phone model.

7.1.2. anyremote (+)
The overall goal of this project is to provide remote control service on Linux
through Bluetooth, InfraRed, Wi-Fi or TCP/IP connection.
anyRemote supports wide range of modern cell phones like Nokia, SonyEricsson,
Motorola and others.

7.1.3. xgnokii (+) [Репозитарий EPEL]
Xgnokii is graphical Linux/Unix tool suite for various mobile
phones. It allows you to edit your contacts book, send/read SMS's
from/in computer and more other features.

------------------------------------------------------------
8. Просмотрщики
8.1. Flash
8.1.1. flash (+)
Чтобы оживить flash на firefox (x86_64), необходимо:
Скопировать файл libflashplayer.so, скачанный с сайта вот отсюда с прямой ссылкой в виде архива libflashplayer-10.0.32.18.linux-x86_64.so.tar.gz и
а) поместить его в следующую директорию, предварительно удалив оттуда всё, что содержит в своём имени "flash":
/usr/lib64/mozilla/plugins
/usr/lib/mozilla/plugins
б) поместить его на всякий случай также в директорию (для пользователя chelovechek):
/home/chelovechek/.mozilla/plugins
И не забудьте перезагрузить firefox!

8.1.2. youtube-dl (+) [В период серьёзных проблем с воспроизведением флеш на x86_64 есть верное решение: используйте эту консольную программу для записи видео с расширением *.flv прямо на ЭВМ и далее воспроизводите с помощью vlc. Записывать можно сразу в лучшем качестве с опцией -b, например: youtube-dl -b http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ezu72NN4Peo ]
youtube-dl is a small command-line program for downloading videos from
YouTube.com.

8.2. CHM
8.2.1. gnochm (+)
A CHM file viewer. Features are: full text search, bookmarks
support for external ms-its links, configurable support for
http links and internationalisation.

8.2.2. xCHM (++) [Держать надо оба просмотрщика файлов *.CHM, для подстраховки в сложных случаях]
xCHM is a wxWidgets-based .chm viewer. xCHM can show the contents tree if
one is available, print the displayed page, change fonts faces and size,
work with bookmarks, do the usual history stunts (forward, back, home),
provide a searchable index and seach for text in the whole book. The
search is a fast B-tree search, based on the internal $FIftiMain file
found inside indexed .chm archives, and it can be customized to search in
content or just the topics' titles.

8.3. Образов
8.3.1. eog (+++) [Глаз GNOME - лучший просмотрщик графических файлов разных типов и масштабов ( http://live.gnome.org/EyeOfGnome ). Специально загружать не надо, если установлен Gnome.]
Eye of GNOME (EOG) is an image viewer.

8.4. Дежавюшек
8.4.1. djvulibre (+++) [Репозитарий DAG. Просмотрщик графических файлов DjVu ( http://djvu.sourceforge.net/ ), а других для этого формата в репозитариях и нет. По распространённости в отсканированных материалах "дежа вю" вытесняет "пэдэ эф"]
DjVu is a web-centric format and software platform for distributing documents
and images. DjVu content downloads faster, displays and renders faster, looks
nicer on a screen, and consume less client resources than competing formats.
DjVu was originally developed at AT&T Labs-Research by Leon Bottou, Yann
LeCun, Patrick Haffner, and many others. In March 2000, AT&T sold DjVu to
LizardTech Inc. who now distributes Windows/Mac plug-ins, and commercial
encoders (mostly on Windows)
In an effort to promote DjVu as a Web standard, the LizardTech management was
enlightened enough to release the reference implementation of DjVu under the
GNU GPL in October 2000. DjVuLibre (which means free DjVu), is an enhanced
version of that code maintained by the original inventors of DjVu. It is
compatible with version 3.5 of the LizardTech DjVu software suite.

------------------------------------------------------------
9. Восстановление данных и отнятых
9.1. safecopy (+)
safecopy is a data recovery tool which tries to extract as much data a
possible from a seekable but problematic (i.e., damaged sectors) source like
floppy drives, hard disk partitions, CDs, etc., where other tools like dd
would fail due to I/O errors.

9.2.1. testdisk (+) [Репозитарий EPEL. Перед установкой следует отключить репозитарий DAG, так как его версия testdisk'а конфликтует с testdisk-doc, имеющимся только в репозитарии EPEL. Запускать testdisk надобно из консоли в административном режиме, набрав su -l и введя пароль root'а.]
Программа для проверки и восстановления разделов диска.
Поддерживает следующие типы разделов:
FAT12, FAT16, FAT32, NTFS, EXT2, EXT3, BeFS, CramFS, HFS, JFS, Linux Raid,
Linux Swap, LVM, LVM2, NSS, ReiserFS, UFS, XFS

9.2.2. testdisk-doc (+) [Репозитарий EPEL]
Программа для проверки и восстановления разделов диска.
Поддерживает следующие типы разделов:
FAT12, FAT16, FAT32, NTFS, EXT2, EXT3, BeFS, CramFS, HFS, JFS, Linux Raid,
Linux Swap, LVM, LVM2, NSS, ReiserFS, UFS, XFS
This package contains testdisk & photorec documentation.

------------------------------------------------------------
10. Эмуляторы и не-эмуляторы
10.1. DOSBox (++) [Очень полезная вещь, но предварительно нужно запускать резидентный драйвер клавиатуры и дисплея для DOS - KeyRus]
DOSBox is a DOS-emulator using SDL for easy portability to different
platforms. DOSBox has already been ported to several different platforms,
such as Windows, BeOS, Linux, Mac OS X...
DOSBox emulates a 286/386 realmode CPU, Directory FileSystem/XMS/EMS,
a SoundBlaster card for excellent sound compatibility with older games...
You can "re-live" the good old days with the help of DOSBox, it can run plenty
of the old classics that don't run on your new computer!

10.2. wine (+++) [Ставить только из репозитария EPEL]
While Wine is usually thought of as a Windows(TM) emulator, the Wine
developers would prefer that users thought of Wine as a Windows
compatibility layer for UNIX. This package includes a program loader,
which allows unmodified Windows 3.x/9x/NT binaries to run on x86 and x86_64
Unixes. Wine does not require MS Windows, but it can use native system
.dll files if they are available.
In EPEL wine is a meta-package which will install everything needed for wine
to work smoothly. If you do not want to install everything take a look at the
wine-* packages.

------------------------------------------------------------
11.Архиваторы
11.1.1. p7zip (+++)
p7zip is a port of 7za.exe for Unix. 7-Zip is a file archiver with a very high
compression ratio. The original version can be found at http://www.7-zip.org/.

11.1.2. p7zip-plugins (+++)
Additional plugins that can be used with 7z to extend its abilities.
This package contains also a virtual file system for Midnight Commander.

11.2.1. rar (+++) [Согласован с файловым менеджером Krusader]
RAR is a powerful tool allowing you to manage and control archive files.
Console RAR supports archives only in RAR format, which names usually have
a ".rar" extension. ZIP and other formats are not supported.

11.2.2. rar2 (+) [Иногда бывает, что rar и rar2 между собой конфликтуют, поэтому можно устанавливать один из двух]
RAR is a powerful tool which allows you to manage and control archive
files. The archive is usually a regular file, which name has a ".rar"
extension. This version is compatible with mplayer, transcode and dvdrip.

11.2.3. unrar (+++)
The unRAR utility is a freeware program, distributed with source code
and developed for extracting, testing and viewing the contents of
archives created with the RAR archiver version 1.50 and above.

------------------------------------------------------------
13. Устройства
12.1. Угляды
12.1.1. ATI
12.1.1.1. ati-x11-drv (+)
Proprietary ATI GL libraries, Xorg and Linux module for hardware
accelerated OpenGL support.
INSTALLING THIS PACKAGE WILL TAINT YOUR KERNEL, SO PLEASE DO NOT REPORT *ANY*
BUGS BEFORE YOU UNINSTALL THE PACKAGE AND REBOOT THE SYSTEM.

12.1.2. nVIDIA
12.1.2.1. dkms-nvidia-x11-drv (-) [Репозитарий DAG, версия не самая свежая]
Proprietary NVIDIA GL libraries, Xorg and Linux module for hardware
accelerated OpenGL support.
INSTALLING THIS PACKAGE WILL TAINT YOUR KERNEL, SO PLEASE DO NOT REPORT *ANY*
BUGS BEFORE YOU UNINSTALL THE PACKAGE AND REBOOT THE SYSTEM.

12.1.2.2. dkms-nvidia-x11-drv-32bit (-) [Репозитарий DAG, версия не самая свежая]
Compatibility 32bit files for the 64bit Proprietary NVIDIA driver.

12.1.2.3. krmod-nvidia (-) [Репозитарий elrepo-testing]
This package provides the proprietary NVIDIA OpenGL kernel driver module
built for the Linux kernel using the x86_64 family of processors.

12.1.2.4. nvclock (-)
Nvclock allows you to tweak your Nvidia card under Linux and FreeBSD.
It features overclocking, hardware monitoring, tweaking of OpenGL
settings, and much more.
Use this program at your own risk!

12.1.2.5. nvidia-graphics (+++) [Репозитарий atrpms]
The NVIDIA Accelerated Linux Driver Set brings both accelerated 2D
functionality and high performance OpenGL support to Linux x86 with
the use of NVIDIA graphics processing units (GPUs).
These drivers provide optimized hardware acceleration of OpenGL
applications via a direct-rendering X Server and support nearly all
NVIDIA graphics chips. TwinView, TV-Out and flat panel displays are
also supported.
This package includes NVIDIA module for X11 and OpenGL libraries.
Older RIVA 128 based video cards are supported by the server module
shipping with xorg/XFree86, nv_drv.o.
You must also install a matching nvidia-graphics190.42-kmdl rpm, if you want to
utilize these drivers.
Add
ModulePath "/usr/lib64/xorg/modules/extensions/nvidia"
ModulePath "/usr/lib64/xorg/modules/extensions"
ModulePath "/usr/lib64/xorg/modules"
to `Section "Files"' in the config file and remove/comment the dri module.

12.1.2.6. nvidia-graphics-devices (+++) [Репозитарий atrpms, по зависимости от nvidia-graphics]
This package provides /dev entries for nvidia graphics drivers.

12.1.2.7. nvidia-graphics-helpes (+++) [Репозитарий atrpms, по зависимости от nvidia-graphics]
Helper scripts for nvidia graphics modules.

12.1.2.8. nvidia-graphics190.42 (+) [Репозитарий atrpms, по зависимости от nvidia-graphics]
The NVIDIA Accelerated Linux Driver Set brings both accelerated 2D
functionality and high performance OpenGL support to Linux x86 with
the use of NVIDIA graphics processing units (GPUs).

12.1.2.9. nvidia-graphics190.42-kmdl-2.6.18-164.9.1.el5 (+) [Репозитарий atrpms, по зависимости от nvidia-graphics]
NVIDIA Architecture support for systems with updated or custom kernels.
This package contains the nvidia-graphics190.42-kmdl-2.6.18-164.9.1.el5 kernel modules for the Linux kernel package:
kernel-2.6.18-164.9.1.el5.x86_64.rpm.

12.1.2.10. nvidia-graphics190.42-kmdl-2.6.18-164.9.1.el5.centos.plus (---) [Репозитарий atrpms]
NVIDIA Architecture support for systems with updated or custom kernels.
This package contains the nvidia-graphics185.18.31-kmdl-2.6.18-128.7.1.el5.centos.plus kernel modules for the Linux kernel package:
kernel-2.6.18-164.9.1.el5.centos.plus.x86_64.rpm.

12.1.2.11. nvidia-graphics190.42-libs (+) [Репозитарий atrpms, по зависимости от nvidia-graphics]
The NVIDIA Accelerated Linux Driver Set brings both accelerated 2D
functionality and high performance OpenGL support to Linux x86 with
the use of NVIDIA graphics processing units (GPUs).
This package contains runtime libraries for NVIDIA GPUs.

12.1.2.12.1. nvidia-x11-drv (+++) [Репозитарий sl-contrib. При всех перипетиях с поддержкой той или иной карты, модуль для совершения операции наложения друг на друга двух или более слоев, в результате которой образуется один производный слой, содержащий их композицию, должен быть всегда. Иначе труба...]
Proprietary NVIDIA GL libraries, Xorg and Linux module for hardware
accelerated OpenGL support.
INSTALLING THIS PACKAGE WILL TAINT YOUR KERNEL, SO PLEASE DO NOT REPORT *ANY*
BUGS BEFORE YOU UNINSTALL THE PACKAGE AND REBOOT THE SYSTEM.

12.1.2.12.2. nvidia-x11-drv-32bit (+++) [Репозитарий sl-contrib. Аналогично предыдущему.]
Compatibility 32bit files for the 64bit Proprietary NVIDIA driver.

12.1.2.13. openexr (-) [Репозитарий DAG]
OpenEXR is a high dynamic range (HDR) image file format developed by
Industrial Light & Magic for use in computer imaging applications. It
includes support for 16-bit floating-point pixels (compatible with
NVIDIA's Cg shader language "half" datatype), several lossless compression
algorithms, and extensible image metadata attributes.

12.2. Одурманиватели и подгляды
12.2.1. video4linux (+) [Репозитарий atrpms]
This package contains various v4l2 drivers.

12.2.2. video4linux-kmdl-2.6.18-164.2.1.el5 (+) [Репозитарий atrpms, по зависимости от video4linux]
This package contains the video4linux-kmdl-2.6.18-164.2.1.el5 kernel modules for the Linux kernel package:
kernel-2.6.18-164.2.1.el5.x86_64.rpm.

12.2.3. kmod-video4linux (+) [Репозитарий elrepo]
This package provides the video4linux (v4l/DVB) kernel driver modules
built for CentOS-5 using the x86_64 family of processors.

12.2.4. libv4l (+) [Репозитарий atrpms]
libv4l is a collection of libraries which adds a thin abstraction layer on
top of video4linux2 devices. The purpose of this (thin) layer is to make it
easy for application writers to support a wide variety of devices without
having to write separate code for different devices in the same class. libv4l
consists of 3 different libraries: libv4lconvert, libv4l1 and libv4l2.
libv4lconvert offers functions to convert from any (known) pixelformat
to V4l2_PIX_FMT_BGR24 or V4l2_PIX_FMT_YUV420.
libv4l1 offers the (deprecated) v4l1 API on top of v4l2 devices, independent
of the drivers for those devices supporting v4l1 compatibility (which many
v4l2 drivers do not).
libv4l2 offers the v4l2 API on top of v4l2 devices, while adding for the
application transparent libv4lconvert conversion where necessary.

12.2.5. camE (+) [Репозитарий DAG]
camE is a rewrite of the xawtv webcam app, which adds imlib2 support and
thus many new possibilities.

12.2.6. xawtv (+)
Xawtv is a simple xaw-based TV program which uses the bttv driver or
video4linux. Xawtv contains various command-line utilities for
grabbing images and .avi movies, for tuning in to TV stations, etc.
Xawtv also includes a grabber driver for vic.

12.2.7. tvtime (+) [Репозитарий DAG]
tvtime is a high quality television application for use with video
capture cards. tvtime processes the input from a capture card and
displays it on a computer monitor or projector. Unlike other television
applications, tvtime focuses on high visual quality making it ideal for
videophiles.

12.2.8. zapping (+) [Репозитарий DAG]
Zapping is a TV viewer for the GNOME desktop. It has all the needed
features, plus extensibility through a plugin system.

12.2.9. mythtv (-) [Репозитарий atrpms]
MythTV implements the following PVR features, and more, with a
unified graphical interface:
- Basic 'live-tv' functionality. Pause/Fast Forward/Rewind "live" TV.
- Video compression using RTjpeg or MPEG-4
- Program listing retrieval using XMLTV
- Themable, semi-transparent on-screen display
- Electronic program guide
- Scheduled recording of TV programs
- Resolution of conflicts between scheduled recordings
- Basic video editing

------------------------------------------------------------
13. Междусетье
13.1. Торренты
13.1.1. deluge (+++) [Репозитарий DAG или rpmforge]
Deluge is a new BitTorrent client, created using Python and GTK+. It is
intended to bring a native, full-featured client to Linux GTK+ desktop
environments such as GNOME and XFCE. It supports features such as DHT
(Distributed Hash Tables), PEX (µTorrent-compatible Peer Exchange), and UPnP
(Universal Plug-n-Play) that allow one to more easily share BitTorrent data
even from behind a router with virtually zero configuration of port-forwarding.

13.1.2. transmission (++) [Устанавливать, когда после обновления вдруг не работат deluge. Загружается из репозитария EPEL]
Transmission is a free, lightweight BitTorrent client. It features a
simple, intuitive interface on top on an efficient, cross-platform
back-end.

13.2. Перебиратели
13.2.1. Konqueror (+) [Устанавливается по умолчанию в Gnome даже в отсутствие KDE, однако не со всеми функциями. Отсутствует, например, русский язык, а также очень важная вещь - сохранение веб-страниц в едином архивированном формате *.war - недостижимая роскошь для палёного лиса FireFox'а и Оперы, у которой через перезагрузку еле-еле срабатывает сохранение веб-страницы в *.mht.]

13.2.2. kdeaddons (+) [Добавляет много всякой ерунды - например, абсолютно бесполезный проигрыватель noatun, но нас интересует только архивирование веб-страницы в формате *.war, поэтому и добавляем этот модуль.]
Plugins for some KDE applications: kdeaddons extends the functionality of Konqueror (web browser and file manager), noatun (media player) and Kate (text editor), Kicker, knewsticker.

13.2.3. kde-i18n-Russian (+) [Добавляется необходимая локализация Konqueror'а на русском языке]
Russian language support for KDE

------------------------------------------------------------
14. Проигрыватели
14.1. VLC
14.1.1. vlc (+++) [Из репозитария DAG или rpmforge]
VideoLAN Client (VLC) is a highly portable multimedia player for various
audio and video formats (MPEG-1, MPEG-2, MPEG-4, DivX, mp3, ogg, ...) as
well as DVDs, VCDs, and various streaming protocols.
Available rpmbuild rebuild options :
--with mga pth mozilla
--without dvdread dvdnav dvbpsi v4l avi asf aac ogg mad ffmpeg cdio
a52 vorbis mpeg2dec flac aa caca esd arts alsa wxwidgets xosd
lsp lirc id3tag faad2 theora mkv modplug smb speex glx x264
gnomevfs vcd daap upnp pvr live portaudio avahi hal glide
ncurses
Options that would need not yet existing add-on packages :
--with loader ggi tarkin tremor

14.1.2. vlc (---) [Из репозитария atrpms - более новая версия, но всегда конфликтует при установке]
VLC media player is a highly portable multimedia player for various
audio and video formats (MPEG-1, MPEG-2, MPEG-4, DivX, mp3, ogg, ...)
as well as DVDs, VCDs, and various streaming protocols.
It can also be used as a server to stream in unicast or multicast in
IPv4 or IPv6 on a high-bandwidth network.
It doesn't need any external codec or program to work.

14.2. gnome-mplayer (+)
GNOME MPlayer is a simple GUI for MPlayer. It is intended to be a nice
tight player and provide a simple and clean interface to
MPlayer. GNOME MPlayer has a rich API that is exposed via DBus. Using
DBus you can control a single or multiple instances of GNOME MPlayer
from a single command.
The player can be used to play media on websites when used with Gecko
Mediaplayer.

14.3. mikmod (+)
MikMod is one of the best and most well known MOD music file players
for UNIX-like systems. This particular distribution is intended to
compile fairly painlessly in a Linux environment. MikMod uses the OSS
/dev/dsp driver including all recent kernels for output, and will also
write .wav files. Supported file formats include MOD, STM, S3M, MTM,
XM, ULT, and IT. The player uses ncurses for console output and
supports transparent loading from gzip/pkzip/zoo archives and the
loading/saving of playlists.
Install the mikmod package if you need a MOD music file player.

14.4. amarok (+) [Из репозитария elrepo-testing]
Amarok is a multimedia player with:
- fresh playlist concept, very fast to use, with drag and drop
- plays all formats supported by the various engines
- audio effects, like reverb and compressor
- compatible with the .m3u and .pls formats for playlists
- nice GUI, integrates into the KDE look, but with a unique touch

14.5. gxine (+) [Из репозитария DAG]
xine is a fully-featured free audio/video player for unix-like systems which
uses libxine for audio/video decoding and playback. For more informations on
what formats are supported, please refer to the libxine documentation.
gxine is a gtk based gui for this xine-library alternate to xine-ui.
Available rpmbuild rebuild options :
--without : freedesktop

14.6. audacious (+) [Из репозитария DAG. Обязательно использовать вместо XMMS, который в отличие от Audacious'а не поддерживает кириллических кодировок]
Audacious is a media player that currently uses a skinned
user interface based on Winamp 2.x skins. It is based on BMP.

Продолжение "Усилий...", а именно
------------------------------------------------------------
15. Оболочки
15.1. krusader
15.2. gentoo
15.3. bsc
15.4. gnome-commander
------------------------------------------------------------
16. Творчество с умом
16.1. vym
------------------------------------------------------------
17. Научные программы
17.1. skychart
17.2. ds9
17.3. stellarium
17.4. LaTex
17.5. Maxima
17.6. k3dsurf
17.7. galculator
17.8. Octave
находится здесь.

© Chelovechek

P.S. Чуть не забыл: для полной радости необходимо подключение к интернету.
P.P.S. Всем желающим из регионов БЕСПЛАТНО высылаю по почте последнюю версию Scientific Linux на 4-х дисках DVD - два для i386 и два - x86_64. Связь по э-почте или через ICQ 79307577


ср., 03/02/2010 - 22:38

Re: Усилия после установки Scientific Linux x86_64

Изображение пользователя Ne01eX.

Нормуль, статья. Может в документацию её засунуть?

My honour with me! I - Ne01eX
Протянув руку помощи, не забудь разжать кулак.

чт., 04/02/2010 - 02:48

Re: Усилия после установки Scientific Linux x86_64

Изображение пользователя Chelovechek.

Я не против. А что от меня требуется?

сб., 27/07/2013 - 19:39

Ответ на: Усилия после установки Scientific Linux x86_64

Изображение пользователя gerz.

Спасибо большое за детальные разъяснения со сриншотами, очень пригодилось.